Viktor Jansson’s (1886-1958) family lived at Lallukka for decades. Viktor was a significant sculptor and his wife, Signe Hammarsten-Jansson (1882-1970) was a graphic designer and illustrator who designed stamps published in Finland for thirty years. Their daughter Tove Jansson (1914-2001) became an artist and writer loved by Finns. The family had a guenon called Poppolino as a pet. It was allowed to move around freely at their home. Viktor Jansson took Poppolino with him to his trips. Sometimes the pet monkey run away and climbed on the roof of Lallukka. However, Viktor had his ways to bring the monkey. Viktor sat down on the street and started crying and Poppolino came back to console its owner.
HISTORY OF THE LALLUKKA ARTISTS’ HOME
Origin of the Artists’ Home Foundation
The 1908 testament specified that the entire estate of Juho and Maria Lallukka would be converted to cash upon the death of both spouses. After this the legacies, would be executed. When all of the legacies had been executed the remainder of the estate would be formed into a fund, which would accumulate and be used for the establishment and maintenance of an Artists’ Home in Helsinki.
The actual estate grew at the same time as the currency lost value, and therefore more than FIM 5 million (approx. 1,6 million euros as at 2015 valuation) remained for the Artist’s Home project. The executors of Juho Lallukka’s testament were bank manager Georg Sidorow and lawyer Otto Tanner, who were both close friends of the family. They interpreted that the benefactors had excluded writers from the Artists’ Home, since the testament included a separate legacy for the Book Association of Finland. In addition, the Association had already commenced its own project for a Writers’ House in 1910.
The President of the Republic of Finland, Lauri Kristian Relander validated the bylaws of the Foundation, which specify that the Artists’ Home be for the use of visual artists, musical artists and dramatic artists.
Home for professional artists
For the entire period of its operation, the Lallukka Artists’ Home Foundation has held on to the axiom that the Lallukka Artists’ Home is for professional artists. In the selection of resident artists, two equal applicants are evaluated also from the social perspective with respect to the idea of a refuge by the donators of the Artists’ Home. Many of the residents’ spouses are also significant artists.
Originally the aim was to assign apartments or workshops in the Artists’ Home on a temporary basis in a form of scholarships. However the Second World War and subsequent housing shortage made the implementation of this type of program impossible. The original allocation of the Artists’ Home reserved 20 rooms for visual artists and 25 rooms for other artists specified by the bylaws of the Foundation; there were three apartments for staff.
The current allocation of rooms is as follows:
- visual artists, approx. 2600 m², 26 ateliers
- dramatic artists, 1000 m², 16 apartments
- composers, singers and musicians, 1000 m², 14 apartments
- 56 artists’ residences in total
Sculptor Aarre Aaltonen (1889-1980) found a dove from the attic. The bird was in terrible shape. It had no feathers and it was hungry. Aaltonen nourished the bird and it became tame and stayed with the sculptor watching him working on his shoulder. The dove slept its nights on a sheepskin next to Aarre. If Aarre’s wife tried to come sleeping next to him, bird made her go away by pecking her.
JUHO AND MARIA LALLUKKA
Juho Lallukka was the fourth son raised in a small farmhouse on the isthmus of Räisälä parish, which neighbours the town of Käkisalmi in Carelia, the area Finland had to surrender to the Soviet Union during the Second World War.
Juho began his career as a shepherd boy, but he soon progressed to study shoemaking and he met his future wife during his travels. He continued to change occupations and worked as a shopboy, sales clerk, land seller and burgher before establishing a wholesale business in Vyborg. Juho was the Chairman of the Town Councils of Käkisalmi and later of Vyborg and in his final years he served as a Member of Parliament.
Juho, a successful businessman, participated enthusiastically in national activities that were popular at the time. As a Finnish nationalist he was centrally involved in the civilisation of the people. Juho was also a founder of the Youth Association, Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Association of Rural Theatre and a patron of Finnish literature. Patron of the arts Juho Lallukka was appointed Commercial Counsellor by the Pamaus business society in Vyborg in 1908, when he was 56 years old.
Maria Lallukka, Juho’s spouse, was also born in the parish of Räisälä, where her parents Matti and Valpuri Jääskeläinen owned an inn. It was in the inn’s drying barn that Juho Lallukka, then a sales clerk in Käkisalmi, refurbished his first own store. Juho and Maria were married in 1878 and they did not have any children.
When Juho Lallukka passed away in 1913, his wife Maria became the manager of the wholesale business and she fulfilled this duty with skill. The business was so successful that in 1919 Maria decided to change her portion of the earlier testament
Maria Lallukka increased the number of legacies in the will by twenty. She also specified half of her wealth to the establishment of the Vyborg library, and therefore the city’s contribution to the library designed by Alvar Aalto was one-third.
Painter, professor Elias Muukka (1870-1958) lived at the Artists’ Home since the completion of the building until his death. He was a son of a peasant from Lemi and moved to Helsinki in 1870s to study art. When he left home he was given a goat that provided him milk.
HOW TO APPLY TO LALLUKKA ARTISTS’ HOME?
An application for Lallukka’s Artists’ Home is informal and it should include two things, CV and one page motivational letter why an applicant would like to have an atelier o r an apartment from the Artists’ Home. You can apply by filling an application form here or via email: saatio(a)lallukkasaatio.net. If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to reach the executive secretary Timo Turja, 050 3644 911 or saatio(a)lallukkasaatio.net.
Composer Aarre Merikanto (1893-1958) was one of the first residents at Lallukka Artists’ Home. For the composer quietness was important because it ensured him tranquility and ability to concentrate. When the building was ready Merikanto tested the quietness by shouting at the empty house. Nothing was heard. When artists moved to Lallukka, the reality was quite different. Merikanto wrote to his diary (loosely translated): “This is all hell, when prima donnas of all the world shout out their voices and tremolo like they have a theatre’s wind machine in their throats. “
RESIDENTS OF LALLUKKA ARTISTS’ HOME FROM 1933 TO PRESENT
PAINTERS AND GRAPHIC ARTISTS
Vikainen Johan (Jussi)
COMPOSERS, SINGERS AND MUSICIANS
Actress Eine Laine (1892-1970) moved around like she was on a stage with make up on, fully perfumed and dressed up. It was said about her that only one colleague and fellow Lallukka resident, Ossi Korhonen (1898-1976), used as much make up, perfume and powder as her. It was because Korhonen taught make-up at Theatre Academy Helsinki.
Juho and Maria Lallukka’s plans for the artists’ home were closely associated with their ideas for a refuge. The Board of Trustees of the Foundation decided that the best way to achieve the Lallukka’s vision was to establish an association for the residents of the completed Artists’ Home, Lallukan Taiteilijaklubi r.y (Lallukka Artists’ Club). The members of the club comprise all of the occupants of apartments at the Artists’ Home and their families, as well as the members of the Board of Trustees.
It was the golden age of central kitchen ideology in the Helsinki suburb of Etu-Töölö at the time of construction of the Artists’ Home building. Since the building would in any case require a central kitchen, it was decided that the kitchen would also be suitable for use as a restaurant. The club organised discussion and presentation meetings, social evenings and matinees. The Association applied for a club licence for the restaurant.
When the enthusiasm for central kitchens came to an end, the kitchens in each apartment were improved. However the club continued to serve meals to residents and workers in the building a few times per week until recent years.
Today the club operates as a communication channel between residents and the Foundation and it continues to organise traditional social evenings and events for the recreation of residents.
Elite, a restaurant situated close-by, has been an important place for many residents of Lallukka. Painter Helge Dahlman (1924-1979) had been wounded at the war and his hand had been amputated. One time there were three men walking Dahlman back from Elite to Lallukka. When the group was finally standing at the front door, one of the escorts had Dahlman’s hand prosthesis under his arm.
Are you planning an event and want to have a special venue for it? We wish walls could talk.
There is a banquet hall at Lallukka Artists’ Home with a high-level catering. The restaurant has been renovated recently and you can have a catering service up to 90 people from Vaudeville Catering. You can have parties, concerts and art functions as well as meetings at the banquet hall. Entrance to the banquet hall is not unobstructed.
If you wish to have smaller venue, there is Marinsali for up to 20 people. There have been meetings for condominiums and different types of societies. You can have service from Vaudeville Catering to Marinsali as well.
When Actor Tauno Palo (1908-1982) came back home from Elite at summer and he changed to his swim shorts and walked to the strand for a swim.
Juho and Maria Lalluka’s Artists’ Home Foundation
saatio (a) lallukkasaatio.net
Business ID: 0221098-4
Board of Directors
mikko.mikkola (a) juramentum.fi
040 7591 590
040 757 1277
simo.freese (a) freese.fi
Pertti Kukkonen (Sculptors)
Anitta Ruotsalainen (Painters and graphic artists)
Petri Liski (Dramatic artists)
Jussi Siirala (Compsers, singers and musicians)
050 364 4911
saatio (a) lallukkasaatio.net
juha.lunden (a) ardour.fi
050 326 7181
jari.jula (a) gmail.com
Lallukka Artists’ Club
050 3843 478
eevaleenapokela (a) gmail.com
Vaudeville Catering Oy
tilaukset (a) vaudeville.fi
Apollonkatu 13, 00100 Helsinki,
Eteläinen Hesperiankatu 14, 00100 Helsinki
Lallukka’s Artists’ Home
Apollonkatu 13, 00100 Helsinki,
Eteläinen Hesperiankatu 14, 00100 Helsinki